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Curriculum Vitae

All You Need to Know About CV format (Curriculum Vitae) + How to Create it (Part 1)

It’s essential to create a CV in a professional CV format if you’re looking for academic opportunities or searching for a professional job in the business world. The Curriculum Vitae provides employers with a detailed account of your educational and professional history to decide whether to bring you to the next step in their hiring process.

Making your CV format professional, clear, and easy to read is necessary, so you should format it professionally. There are three CV format types, including chronological, functional, and combined.

This article helps you to create a great curriculum vitae and provides some professional templates to choose from them. But if you aren’t sure how to create a curriculum vitae, you can always get professional help from reliable sources.

what is CV?What is a CV or Curriculum Vitae?

A CV or Curriculum Vitae is in Latin, and it means “course of life.” A Curriculum Vitae is a detailed professional document highlighting a person’s experience, accomplishments, and works.

When considering applicants for a position, employers often require a CV for hiring. This detailed CV format document shares an overview of the applicants’ career history, education, awards and honors, grants, scholarships, research, works, projects, and publications.

A CV may also include professional references and coursework, fieldwork, hobbies, and interests relevant to the profession.

Some also add a personal profile that lists their skills and positive attributes to ensure employers have a well-rounded view of their personality and achievements.

What to Provide on a CV?

A professional and complete CV format should consist of the following:

  • Contact Information:Include your full name, home and work address, phone number, webpage address, and email address.
  • Academic History:List all your educational history from high school through postdoctoral. Provide the title of the degree you earned, the date you graduated from the school, and the school or university’s name.
  • Professional History:Include the organization or company where you worked, the job title you had, the dates of employment, and an overview of your experience and achievements in the field.
  • Qualifications, Abilities, and Skills:List a combination of soft and hard skills and abilities you’ve developed throughout your career history.
  • Awards and Honors:For each praise or honor, add the name, year you received it, the university or organization that gave you the award, and any pertinent details about it.
  • Presentations and Publications:For presentations, provide the title, date, and venue where they presented to you. For publications, provide complete citations, including your co-authors, date, page, volume, summary, DOI number.
  • Professional Associations:Write the organization’s name, location, or chapter, and the dates of your active membership.
  • Grants and scholarships:Write the name of the license or scholarship, awarded date, and the institution, which gave you the award.
  • Certifications and Licenses:Provide the title of the certificate or the license, the institution which awarded it, and the date you earned that.

Although you should write a complete CV in a professional CV format type, try to keep your curriculum vitae targeted and use straightforward language to get your experience across to the reader.

A good CV should tell the prospective employers the story of the applicant’s academic career and why they are the best candidate to fill their needs for the position.

What Not to Provide on a CV?

In the United States, there is no need to provide your photo, salary history, the reason to left your previous position or references in a CV submitted for jobs. We should list references separately and give them to employers upon request.

The requirements for international CVs differ and mostly depend upon the country to which you are applying.

CVs need private information like your date of birth, nationality, marital status, how many children you have, and a photograph in other countries.

How Long Should a CV Be?

A good, entry-level curriculum vitae should cover two to three pages. CVs for mid-level professionals, especially in academia and medical research roles, may run longer.

Aim to ensure the content is straightforward, structured, concise, and relevant. Using bullet points rather than full sentences can help minimize word usage.

What is the Difference Between a CV and a Resume?

A Curriculum Vitae is much more comprehensive than a resume. A CV includes details about the educational history, academic background, grants, or scholarships, while a resume summarizes the general background and work experience.

Resumes are typically one or two pages, but CVs are as long as you need to convey your academic history and experience.

We offer curriculum vitae for academic positions, and the CV format can vary as long as it includes all the information any prospective employer requires. Still, resumes are for other jobs and follow a few standard templates.

woman thinkingWhen to Use a Curriculum Vitae, not a Resume?

When people want to apply for academic, scientific, education, or research positions in the United States, they use a CV. We can also use curriculum vitae to apply for fellowships or grants.

Most employers often expect to receive a CV rather than a resume in Europe, Asia, and Africa because curriculum vitae is longer and more detailed synopsis than a resume. There are also differences in when to use each of these documents.

A good CV should be concise, complete, and up-to-date with the applicant’s current employment and educational background.

Three CV Format Types

We have three common types for CV, and all three of them should include the above details. The primary difference between these three formats is the order of representing their elements.

Chronological Curriculum Vitae

The Chronological one is the most common CV format in the world. For a chronological curriculum vitae, start with your contact information, and then list your academic history and professional experience. This type of CV concentrates on academic and professional experience.

The following is the proposed order for providing a chronological Curriculum Vitae:

  • Contact information,
  • Academic history,
  • Professional experience,
  • Qualifications and skills,
  • Awards and honors,
  • Publications and presentations,
  • Grants and scholarships,
  • Licenses and certifications,
  • Professional associations.

A chronological CV format is the best choice if you have consistent employment within the same industry, and your work experience shows advancement within your field.

Functional Curriculum Vitae

The functional CV concentrates on your skills, awards, and honors. If you are writing an available curriculum vitae, you should place your relevant skills near the top under your contact information.

Here you will allocate more space to your qualifications, skills, honors, and awards in a functional CV and less room for your professional experience.

The following is the proposed order for providing a functional CV:

  • Contact information,
  • Qualifications and skills,
  • Awards and honors,
  • Academic history,
  • Professional experience,
  • Publications and presentations,
  • Grants and scholarships,
  • Licenses and certifications,
  • Professional associations.

A functional CV format may be the right choice for you if you have recently graduated. You’re about to enter the job market, have multiple employment gaps, or are between careers.

Combined Curriculum Vitae

Combined CV format is a hybrid of the chronological and functional formats and allows adequate space for details about your educational and professional history and your skills and accomplishments.

The elements you place first in this kind of CV depending on your career goals, experiences, and what you consider the most relevant to the positions you’re looking for.

For example, if you hope to earn a teaching position at a school, and you’ve spent the past several years as an educator, you should write your professional background first.


A Curriculum Vitae or CV is a detailed document, which lists your educational and academic history, professional background, and qualifications. Unlike a resume, we use a CV primarily for academic positions. It’s also more detailed than a resume and can be as long as needed.

We have three common types for CV, and all three of them should include the academic background. The primary difference between these three formats is the order of representing their elements. A chronological CV format is the most common type of CV.

This article covered the characteristics of a good CV and provided some necessary details to include in the CV. Using this information, you can create your first curriculum vitae. Still, if you’re unsure how to make it, it’s better to get professional help from others who have good experience creating CVs.

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